Luke 11:37-12:3 (ESV)
- Woes to the Pharisees (Luke 11:37-44)
37 While Jesus was speaking, a Pharisee asked him to dine with him, so he went in and reclined at table. 38 The Pharisee was astonished to see that he did not first wash before dinner. 39 And the Lord said to him, “Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness. 40 You fools! Did not he who made the outside make the inside also? 41 But give as alms those things that are within, and behold, everything is clean for you.
42 “But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice and the love of God. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others. 43 Woe to you Pharisees! For you love the best seat in the synagogues and greetings in the marketplaces. 44 Woe to you! For you are like unmarked graves, and people walk over them without knowing it.”
- A question about ceremonial cleanness
- Woe, curse
- Clean the outside but inside is full of greed and wickedness
- Woe 1: You tithe mint and cumin but neglect justice and love
- Woe 2: You crave the best seats in the synagogue and greetings of respect in the street
- Woe 3: You are like unmarked graves and people walk over them without knowing
- Woe to the Lawyers (Luke 11:44-53)
45 One of the lawyers answered him, “Teacher, in saying these things you insult us also.” 46 And he said, “Woe to you lawyers also! For you load people with burdens hard to bear, and you yourselves do not touch the burdens with one of your fingers. 47 Woe to you! For you build the tombs of the prophets whom your fathers killed. 48 So you are witnesses and you consent to the deeds of your fathers, for they killed them, and you build their tombs. 49 Therefore also the Wisdom of God said, ‘I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom they will kill and persecute,’ 50 so that the blood of all the prophets, shed from the foundation of the world, may be charged against this generation, 51 from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary. Yes, I tell you, it will be required of this generation. 52 Woe to you lawyers! For you have taken away the key of knowledge. You did not enter yourselves, and you hindered those who were entering.”
53 As he went away from there, the scribes and the Pharisees began to press him hard and to provoke him to speak about many things, 54 lying in wait for him, to catch him in something he might say.
- Awkward clearing of the throat
- You’re offending the experts in the law too!
- Woe 4: you load people with burdens hard to bear, and you yourselves do not touch the burdens with one of your fingers
- Woe 5: you build the tombs of the prophets whom your fathers killed.
- Woe 6: you have taken away the key of knowledge. You did not enter yourselves, and you hindered those who were entering
- Reaction: plotting and trying to
- Beware of the Leaven of the Pharisees (Luke 12:1-3)
12 In the meantime, when so many thousands of the people had gathered together that they were trampling one another, he began to say to his disciples first, “Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. 2 Nothing is covered up that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known. 3 Therefore whatever you have said in the dark shall be heard in the light, and what you have whispered in private rooms shall be proclaimed on the housetops.
- Beware of hypocrisy
- Everything done in the dark will be uncovered
- There is no way to conceal or mitigate your sin before a holy God
- Your burden is great
- The curse of God is upon the generation that has the light of the Gospel and rejects it
- The atonement for hypocrites
Matthew 11:28-30 (ESV)
28 Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.”