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Category Archive for: ‘Minor Prophets’

Malachi

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Malachi’s ministry took place nearly a hundred years after the decree of Cyrus in 538 b.c., which ended the Babylonian captivity and allowed the Jews to return to their homeland and rebuild the temple (2 Chron. 36:23). This was some 80 years after Haggai and Zechariah encouraged the rebuilding of that temple with promises of God’s blessing, the engrafting of …

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Zechariah

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Zechariah is Apocalyptic literature. The 1st 8 Chapters characterized by cataclysm, angels, triumph of God. Zechariah cited frequently in Revelation. Prophesies at the same time as Haggai (520 BC) Ezra links ministry of Zechariah and Haggai – same message that the Temple is the Lord’s House, a place of His blessing 1. Chapter 1 a. Zechariah 1:4 – Do not …

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Zephaniah and Haggai

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Zephaniah The prophecy takes place during the reign of Josiah (640–609 b.c.), a significant Judean king (2 Kings 21:26-23:20; 2 Chron 33:25-35:27).  The northern kingdom of Israel had already been exiled, in 722 b.c., so “Israel” (Zeph 2:9; Zeph 3:13-15) does not refer to it.  Rather, these references speak of the remainder of the nation of Israel: little Judah and …

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Habakkuk

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Little is known about the prophet Habakkuk. He was likely a contemporary of Zephaniah and Jeremiah, and possibly even of Ezekiel and Daniel, but none of the other prophets mention him. His name appears twice in the book (1:1; 3:1), and he is clearly the main character. Key Themes: I. God is just and merciful, even though his people may …

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Micah

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1. Intro a. The Lord speaks before major events (Amos and Hosea sent to Northern Kingdom prior to fall of Samaria to Assyrians) b. Micah is sent to the Southern Kingdom during end of Jotham’s reign and during Jotham’s reign (co-regents 743-735 BC). c. Lord prepares His people for ministry of prophets (same time as Isaiah) d. From Gath (Goliath’s …

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Jonah

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1. Written 770 during reign of Jehoash 2. Jonah 1 – Word of the Lord came… 3. Jonah fled to Tarshish (other direction from Ninevah) 4. Jonah thrown into sea 5. Lord prepares a fish 6. Jonah prophesies against Ninevah (Day of the Lord…) 7. City repents in sackcloth a. People repent hoping God relents b. Jonah didn’t even tell …

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Obadiah and Nahum

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Obadiah 1. Author a. a “vision,” a prophetic revelation from God spoken through his prophet “Obadiah” b. only thing known about this prophet is his name (a common one in the OT), which means “one who serves Yahweh c. no date, readers can infer only the approximate time of the prophet from the book’s contents. 2. Theme a. Edom, together …

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Amos

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1. Preached during Jeroboam II a. Syria dominant power 2. Amos is from the Southern Kingdom and is sent to prophesy to the North a. Amos 7:14 – Amos was a herdsman and a dresser of sycamore figs b. From Tekoah – Amos 1:1 3. Amos 1:2 “The LORD roars from Zion and utters his voice from Jerusalem; the pastures …

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Joel

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1. Kingdom Divided a. 1 Kings 11:29-39 – Jeroboam prophesied to be King b. 1 Kings 12:22-24 – Rehoboam told not to fight c. 1 Kings 12 – Jeroboam sets up golden calf d. 1 Kings 14 – Prophecy against Jeroboam’s son that he will die. e. String of Prophets 2. Many of these prophets didn’t write (up through Joel …

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Hosea

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1. Word of the Lord came to Hosea…in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam, king of Israel a. Same timeframe as Isaiah b. Around 750 c. Prosperity in Northern Kingdom 2. Chapter 1 a. 2 – take a wife of harlotry for the children are whoring b. 3 – …

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